I have seen the Spanish Subjunctive used to describe
things that I am looking for. For example, ¨Busco
un libro que sea bueno¨ and ¨Quiero
encontrar un médico que especialice
en rodillas.¨ Could you give some more examples
and clearly explain the rule?
subjunctive is used to describe or refer to an unspecific
person, place, or thing. By unspecific, I mean, for
example, if you have ten apples in front of you and
someone tells you to choose a sweet one (escoge
una manzana que sea dulce),
you would use the subjunctive.
may or may not help to think of it as describing a
characteristic of something instead of a specific
thing. For example, ¨escoge el cachorro que más
le guste (Choose the puppy that you like
the most, or that is most pleasing to you).¨ Rather
than describing a specific puppy, it is decribing
a specific characteristic of a puppy (that it is pleasing
Compare the following:
|Busco a mi amigo.
||I am looking for my friend. (a specific person)
|Busco un amigo que sea
||I am looking for a friend that is friendly.
(unspecific friend, specific characterisitic=friendly)
|Busco mi libro.
||I am looking for my book. (I know it exists=no
|Busco un libro que se trate
||I am looking for a grammar book. (It may not
exist = doubt)
|No quiero tener nada que ver con alguien
que se comporte tan a lo loco.
||I dont want anything to do with someone that
behaves so crazy. (unspecific person, specific
|Te pasas la vida buscando un remedio que
solucione todos tus problemas
de un plumazo.
||You pass your life looking for a cure that would
solve all of your problems with the stroke of
|Yo les invito a todos; los que vengan
serán bien recibidos, los otros...¡allá,
||I am inviting everyone; those that come will
be well received, the others... thats their problem!
Given each of the questions below, type in the correct response. Although
capitalization does not count, spelling does!
On a similar note, the subjunctive is also used to
describe the nonexistant and unknown. For example:
|No como nada que contega
||I don't eat anything with preservatives.
This falls within the same category as the subjunctive
required after negative statement+ que.