I am a little confused about how to use the subjunctive
after negative statements such as "nadie, nunca,
etc." Why do I use the subjunctive in "Nunca
haré lo que me mandaran si
no me dan alguan razón para ello,¨ (I will
never do what they ordered me to do if they do not
give me a reason for it) if doubt is not involved
in the sentence?
the subordinate clause contains an indefinate or negative
subordinating conjunctions, such as seen below, the
subjunctive is used. Keep in mind that the below list
is not inclusive and that the basic formula is: negative
statement + que + subjunctive.
||no one that
|ninguno (a) que
|ninguna cosa que
|uno (a) que
| cada vez
NOTE: If any of the above antecedents are used to express
a conclusive action (in the past or present) or a definate idea, the subjunctive
is not needed. Compare the following:
a comprar una casa que tenga una
vista, que sea de madera, y que esté
en el campo, que no sea cara.
||We are going to buy a house that has a view, is made of wood and is in the countryside, that isnīt very expensive
una casa que tiene una vista, es
de madera, y esta en el campo.
||We bought a house that has a view, is made of wood and is in the countryside. (conclusive action)
Given each of the questions below, type in the
correct response. Although capitalization does
not count, spelling does!
See also, using
the subjunctive to refer to the unspecific.